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净菜加工设备的流程是怎样的?

来源:/ 浏览量: 时间:2021-01-27 14:15:25

净菜加工近日受到很多人关注,尤其是净菜加工的流程以及所需设备,很多对这个行业感兴趣的人都在关注这个行业的动向,以及做这个行业所需要的东西,那么净菜加工的流程是怎样的?净菜加工需要哪些设备?
Recently, many people pay attention to the processing of clean vegetables, especially the processing process and the required equipment. Many people who are interested in this industry are paying attention to the trend of this industry and doing what the industry needs. What is the processing process of clean vegetables? What kind of equipment is needed for clean vegetable processing?
一,净菜加工设备流程
1、 Processing flow of clean vegetables
净菜加工的大概流程就是把蔬菜从开始处理成客户所需要的商品,具体需要经过以下加工步骤。
The general process of clean vegetable processing is to process vegetables into commodities needed by customers from the beginning. The specific processing steps are as follows.
1. 选材:根据商品的性质以及表现出来的样子来进行简单的分级,一般可以把商品分为一二三级,做净菜加工原料一般使用一级材料。
1. Material selection: according to the nature and appearance of the goods, the goods can be divided into one, two and three grades, and the first grade materials are generally used for processing raw materials of clean vegetables.
2. 材料预处理:一般情况是做降温处理,根据产品的特性对产品采取自然或者机械的降温,在这种低温下进行产品加工。
2. Material pretreatment: Generally speaking, it is necessary to do cooling treatment. According to the characteristics of the product, natural or mechanical cooling is adopted for the product, and the product is processed at this low temperature.
3. 清洗:清洗环节非常重要,目的是清洗蔬菜表面的一些药物,泥沙等等。
3. Cleaning: the cleaning process is very important, the purpose is to clean some drugs, silt and so on on on the surface of vegetables.
4. 预煮:菜︰水以1︰3的比例加入0.5%柠檬酸进行不断搅拌,对于块茎类、根茎类商品,预煮温度需要95℃~100℃,时间大概要45~50秒。
4. Precooking: the ratio of vegetables to water is 1:3, and 0.5% citric acid is added for continuous stirring. For tubers and rhizomes, the precooking temperature needs 95 ℃ ~ 100 ℃, and the precooking time needs about 45 ~ 50 seconds.
5. 冷却:产品冷却一般以流动水或冷风冷透形式,不冷透产品很易变色。
5. Cooling: the cooling of products is generally in the form of flowing water or cold air, and the products that are not cool enough are easy to change color.
6. 消毒:对切分好的产品再一次清洗消毒,减少商品上的微生物污染,防止商品氧化。
6. Disinfection: clean and disinfect the cut products again to reduce microbial pollution and prevent oxidation.
7. 护色:护色在一方面就是保证商品质量。影响蔬菜变色的因素很多,酚氧化酶的活性、酚类化合物的浓度、pH值、温度等都会影响。
7. Color protection: on the one hand, color protection is to ensure the quality of goods. There are many factors affecting the discoloration of vegetables, such as the activity of phenoloxidase, the concentration of phenolic compounds, pH value and temperature.
                                              净菜加工设备
8. 脱水处理:通常使用离心机进行脱水,离心机转速和脱水时间要适宜。
8. Dehydration treatment: centrifuge is usually used for dehydration, and the rotation speed and dehydration time of centrifuge should be appropriate.
9. 包装:净菜的包装方法比较多,具体根据各公司情况而定,但是包装上一定要有商品的信息。
9. Packing: there are many packing methods for clean vegetables, which are determined according to the situation of each company, but there must be commodity information on the packing.
10. 封口:封口时真空度接近0.1兆帕,封口应紧密,保证商品的质量,储存时间。
10. Sealing: when sealing, the vacuum is close to 0.1MPa, and the sealing should be tight to ensure the quality of goods and storage time.
11. 无菌室控制:过秤、装袋、封口在无菌操作间进行。
11. Aseptic room control: weighing, bagging and sealing are carried out in aseptic operation room.
12. 成品保藏:一般是在低温环境保存。
12. Preservation of finished products: it is generally stored in low temperature environment.
二,净菜加工需要哪些设备?
2、 What kind of equipment is needed for clean vegetable processing?
把净菜加工的产品分叶菜和球茎两大类的话,所需要的设备也有两大类具体如下。
If the processed products are divided into leafy vegetables and corms, there are also two types of equipment needed. The details are as follows.
1,叶菜加工生产线:
1. Leaf vegetable processing line:
叶菜一般是不需要削皮,需要切割清洗,所以叶菜类的产品所需要的设备有单层挑选台,大型切菜机可拆卸提升机,涡流清洗机以及 涡流清洗消毒排渣机, 网带输送风干机, 无动力滚杠输送机 等。
Generally, leafy vegetables do not need to be peeled, but need to be cut and cleaned. Therefore, the equipment required for leafy vegetables products include single-layer selection table, large-scale chopper, detachable hoist, eddy current cleaning machine, eddy current cleaning and disinfection slag extractor, mesh belt conveyor, air dryer, unpowered roller conveyor, etc.
2,球茎类加工生产线:
2. Bulb processing line:
球茎类产品和叶菜类不同,但是都需要单层挑选台,球茎类还需要毛刷清洗脱皮机 , 提升机,切丝切片切丁机以及 提升机 , 涡流清洗消毒排渣机 以及网带输送风干机 ,无动力滚杠输送机等。
Bulb products are different from leafy vegetables, but they all need a single-layer selection table. Bulb products also need brush cleaning, peeling machine, hoist, slicing, cutting machine and hoist, eddy current cleaning, disinfection, slag removal machine, mesh belt conveyor, air drying machine, unpowered roller conveyor, etc.
以上是净菜加工两大类所需的设备,可以更具企业的需要做调整,仅参考。
The above are the equipment required for the two categories of clean vegetable processing, which can be adjusted according to the needs of enterprises, only for reference.
总结来说,以上是净菜加工的一些流程,主要目的就是保证产品的质量,为消费者提高好的产品。净菜加工设备所需要的设备大致分为两大类,叶菜以及球茎类,具体可根据企业需求调整,在进入这个行业之前,入局者一定要做好相关信息的了解。
To sum up, the above are some processes of clean vegetable processing, the main purpose is to ensure the quality of products and improve good products for consumers. The equipment required for the processing of clean vegetables can be roughly divided into two categories: leafy vegetables and bulbs. The details can be adjusted according to the needs of enterprises. Before entering this industry, the entrants must have a good understanding of the relevant information.

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